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Various Disability Laws under the American Disability Act


Various Disability Laws under the American Disability Act By Joann Grant

 

 

Differentiating people on the basis of disability is a crime. Still, many people do not refrain from committing such atrocities every now and then. A daily newspaper is a real proof to this. Every day at least one such incidence is reported.


 Differentiating people on the basis of disability is a crime. Still, many people do not refrain from committing such atrocities every now and then. A daily newspaper is a real proof to this. Every day at least one such incidence is reported.

To safeguard the rights of disabled, certain laws have been formulated and acts have been devised by the American government. Under the umbrella of law, they have been given a considerable amount of protection.

In America, the disability law is regulated by the American with Disability Act (ADA). The provisions of this Act prohibits discrimination against people or individuals with any kind of disabilities. It protects them to face disabilities everywhere, be it office, home, educational institute or a public utility place.

Under the American Disability Act, disability is defined as a physical or mental impairment, which limits substantially some or all the major important activities of an individual.

Under this act, alcoholism is included as a type of disability. But the other undesirable social behaviors are excluded from being a part of this Act. For instance, various disorders in one's sexual behavior like pedophilia, compulsive gambling, transvestism, and pyromania are excluded. But ADA does not however lists all impairments under it.

Further, ADA aims for reasonable and equal accommodation for all the disabled without any biases. The departments and agencies that can enforce the provisions under ADA are the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and Department of Justice. Apart from them, the state can pass the disability statutes. The statutes that prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities include Fair Housing Act, Individual with Disabilities Education Act, Rehabilitation Act and Air Carrier Access Act.

It is considered unlawful to discriminate any body on the aspect of denying the selling, renting or even accommodating a house, just because of an individual who is suffering from any kind of disability. This is all covered under the Fair Housing Act.

Under the Rehabilitation Act, there is prohibition of discrimination on the basis of the programs that are conducted by the Federal agencies of the States. The air carriers are prohibited to discriminate against people having any kind of disability, under the Air Carrier Access Act. Last but never the least, the Disabilities Education Act asks the various public schools, free public education to the children who are disabled but still eligible to get such kinds of education.

 

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